High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Partner with the caring doctors of the Englewood Health Physician Network to monitor your blood pressure and improve your health.

What is  Blood Pressure?

  • Blood pressure is the force of blood on the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps.
  • Systolic pressure, the top number, measures the force of blood when your heart beats
  • Diastolic pressure, the bottom number, measures the force of blood between heartbeats
  • Pulse pressure is the difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure; pulse pressure isn’t the same as heart rate

Normal Blood Pressure

Your blood pressure is normal if you have a reading lower than 120/80, which means the systolic pressure is lower than 120 and the diastolic number is lower than 80.

Normal Pulse Pressure Range

A pulse pressure of 30 to 50 is normal. Having a pulse pressure that’s higher or lower could be a sign of a problem.

What is Hypertension?

High blood pressure, or hypertension, means the force of blood in your arteries is over 130/80 and too high. It usually doesn’t cause symptoms. But it can increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

Your risk for high blood pressure increases as you age and if you have certain risk factors. These include:

  • A family history of high blood pressure
  • A diet that’s high in salt and low in potassium or vitamin D
  • Not getting enough exercise
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Conditions like diabetes, kidney problems, and sleep apnea
  • Taking certain medications, such as birth control pills
  • Using tobacco or drugs like cocaine or amphetamines
  • Drinking too much alcohol

Lower Your Blood Pressure

Work with your doctor to determine the best way to control your blood pressure. Your care plan may include:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Medications, like beta blockers
  • Managing other health conditions you have