An arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat. For many people, arrhythmias are harmless, but some may cause serious issues. We help you know the difference between a benign condition and one requiring treatment or monitoring.
Chronic Total Occlusion
Chronic total occlusion (CTO) occurs when a coronary artery is completely blocked by heavy plaque build-up for more than three months. Symptoms of CTO include chest pain, shortness of breath, and general fatigue.
Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a result of the heart’s decreased ability to pump enough blood to the rest of your body. The chambers of the heart may be too stiff to fill with enough blood. With CHF, blood flowing away from your heart slows down, causing the blood returning to your heart to back up. This causes congestion in your tissues, which leads to swelling in your legs and ankles.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a plaque buildup in the arteries that hinders the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart, sometimes causing you to experience angina, a specific type of chest pain. When enough plaque builds up, blood flow is restricted, which can cause a heart attack.
Heart Valve Disease
Occurs when one or more of the four valves in your heart doesn’t work properly, either not opening fully or, at the other end of the spectrum, closing properly and allowing blood to leak back into the heart’s chambers.
High Cholesterol (Hyperlipidemia)
Lipids are tiny particles that circulate in the bloodstream and have many different functions, like energy storage. Some of those lipids are more commonly known as cholesterol. There are good forms of cholesterol (HDL) and bad forms (LDL or triglycerides). Managing cholesterol is an important step in ensuring a healthy cardiovascular system and reducing your risk of heart attack and strokes.
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
Often referred to as the silent killer because it rarely causes symptoms, hypertension, or high blood pressure, occurs when the force of blood against your artery walls is too high.