An arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat. For many people, arrhythmias are harmless, but some may cause serious issues. We help you know the difference between a benign condition and one requiring treatment or monitoring.
Atherosclerosis causes blockages in the walls of arteries, which are the blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body. The condition can occur in arteries anywhere in your body.
Also known as AF or AFib, atrial fibrillation is a rapid, irregular heartbeat. It occurs when electrical impulses cause the chambers in your heart to quiver or contract quickly.
This disease affects the heart muscle. A person with cardiomyopathy has a heart muscle that is enlarged, thick, or rigid. As the condition worsens, the heart becomes weaker and less able to pump blood.
Congestive Heart Failure
Heart failure means your heart can’t keep up with your body’s demand for oxygen as it should, and as a result, your body can’t get all the oxygen it needs.
With congestive heart failure (CHF), blood flowing away from your heart slows down, causing the blood returning to your heart to back up. This causes congestion in your tissues, which leads to swelling in your legs and ankles.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs due to plaque buildup in the arteries that hinders the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This sometimes causing you to experience angina, a specific type of chest pain. When enough plaque builds up, blood flow is restricted, which can cause a heart attack.
A heart attack (myocardial infarction) happens when blood flow to the heart muscle is reduced or stops completely. This can occur when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries (atherosclerosis) leading to a clot that blocks the flow of blood to your heart.
Heart Valve Disease
When one or more of the four valves in your heart don’t work properly, it’s called heart valve disease. The valves don’t open or close fully, which can let blood leak back into the heart’s chambers. Mitral valve prolapse is a commonly treated example of heart valve disease.
This condition occurs when there are extra fats, or lipids, in your blood. If it is not treated, hyperlipidemia increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
Often referred to as the silent killer because it rarely causes symptoms, hypertension, or high blood pressure, occurs when the force of blood against your artery walls is too high.