Sleep apnea stops your breathing during sleep. You may snore loudly or make choking sounds when an apnea (a temporary disruption in breathing) occurs.
We typically diagnose sleep apnea with the help of a sleep study. During a sleep study, we measure your brain activity, eye movements, heart rate, and oxygen levels. If you’re diagnosed with sleep apnea, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral appliance therapy, or surgery may help.
Most cases of insomnia — when you consistently have a hard time falling asleep — are due to poor sleep habits, depression, anxiety, lack of exercise, chronic illness, or specific medications. We typically treat insomnia by improving sleep habits, using behavior therapy, and identifying and treating other underlying causes.
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)
Also called Willis-Ekbom disease (WED), RLS causes an irresistible urge to move your legs that can disrupt your sleep. This condition is a neurological disorder that we can treat with the help of lifestyle changes or medication.