Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is a narrowing of your heart’s aortic valve, due to a congenital heart defect or damage by calcium or scarring.
Aortic Valve Disease
When the valve between the lower heart chamber and the main artery to the body doesn’t open and close properly, you have aortic valve disease.
There are different types of valve problems and they are diagnosed based on the condition and functioning of the valve. Aortic regurgitation, aortic stenosis, and bicuspid aortic valve are examples.
An arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat. For many people, arrhythmias are harmless, but some may cause serious issues. We help you know the difference between a benign condition and one requiring treatment or monitoring.
Atherosclerosis blocks the walls of arteries, which are the blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body. The condition can occur in arteries anywhere in your body.
Also known as AF or AFib, atrial fibrillation is a rapid, irregular heartbeat. It occurs when electrical impulses cause the chambers in your heart to quiver or contract quickly.
Congestive Heart Failure
Heart failure means your heart can’t keep up with your body’s demand for oxygen as it should, and as a result, your body can’t get all the oxygen it needs.
With congestive heart failure (CHF), blood flowing away from your heart slows down, causing the blood returning to your heart to back up. This causes congestion in your tissues, which leads to swelling in your legs and ankles.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a plaque buildup in the arteries that hinders the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart, sometimes causing you to experience angina, a specific type of chest pain. When enough plaque builds up, blood flow is restricted, which can cause a heart attack.
A heart attack (myocardial infarction) happens when blood flow to the heart muscle is reduced or stops completely. This can occur when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries (atherosclerosis) leading to a clot that blocks the flow of blood to your heart.
Syncope is the medical term for fainting or passing out. It’s typically caused by an inadequate blood flow to your brain, which can happen if your blood pressure becomes too low.
While losing consciousness can be caused by various benign conditions, like dehydration or exhaustion, it can also be a sign that you have a serious heart condition, like bradycardia or tachycardia.