When the valve between the lower heart chamber and the main artery to the body doesn’t open and close properly, you have aortic valve disease.
There are different types of valve problems and they are diagnosed based on the condition and functioning of the valve. Aortic regurgitation, aortic stenosis, and bicuspid aortic valve are examples.
Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is a narrowing of your heart’s aortic valve, due to a congenital heart defect or damage by calcium or scarring.
An arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat. For many people, arrhythmias are harmless, but some may cause serious issues. We help you know the difference between a benign condition and one requiring treatment or monitoring.
Atherosclerosis causes blockages in the walls of arteries, which are the blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body. The condition can occur in arteries anywhere in your body.
Also known as AF or AFib, atrial fibrillation is a rapid, irregular heartbeat. It occurs when electrical impulses cause the chambers in your heart to quiver or contract quickly.
Cardiomyopathy is a condition that affects your heart muscle. A person with cardiomyopathy has a heart muscle that is enlarged, thick, or rigid. As the condition worsens, these changes leave your heart weaker and less able to pump blood.
Congestive Heart Failure
Heart failure means your heart can’t keep up with your body’s demand for oxygen as it should, and as a result, your body can’t get all the oxygen it needs.
With congestive heart failure (CHF), blood flowing away from your heart slows down, causing the blood returning to your heart to back up. This causes congestion in your tissues, which leads to swelling in your legs and ankles.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a plaque buildup in the arteries that hinders the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart, sometimes causing you to experience angina, a specific type of chest pain. When enough plaque builds up, blood flow is restricted, which can cause a heart attack.
A heart attack (myocardial infarction) happens when blood flow to the heart muscle is reduced or stops completely. This can occur when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries (atherosclerosis) leading to a clot that blocks the flow of blood to your heart.
Heart Valve Disease
When at least one of the four valves in your heart doesn’t work properly, you have heart valve disease. The valves don’t open or close fully, which can let blood leak back into the heart’s chambers. Mitral valve prolapse is a commonly treated example of heart valve disease.
When you have extra fats, or lipids, in your blood, you have hyperlipidemia. If untreated, hyperlipidemia increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
Often referred to as the silent killer because it rarely causes symptoms, hypertension, or high blood pressure, occurs when the force of blood against your artery walls is too high.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
When there is a buildup of fatty material inside your blood vessels, specifically the ones outside of your heart and brain, you have peripheral vascular disease. The buildup results in the vessels gradually narrowing or becoming blocked, which prevents normal blood flow to your arms, legs, stomach, and kidneys. When an artery is blocked or narrowed, the part of the body it supplies doesn’t get enough oxygen, a condition is called ischemia. If left untreated, PVD can result in serious, even life-threatening conditions.